UCCE Master Gardeners of Orange County
University of California
UCCE Master Gardeners of Orange County


Shrub-Tree- Manzanitas

Arctostaphylos john dourley By Stickpen
Common Name:    Manzanitas of California

Botanical Name:    Arctostaphylos

Family:    Ericaceae

Arctostaphylos manzanita By Pimpinellus
Description:  Evergreen group of shrubs native to California.  Most have smooth mahogany to purple trunks and red stems with green/grey foliage.          



Sun:       Full to part sun

Water:    Drought tolerant; susceptible to overwatering

Soil:       Tolerates most soils; prefer rocky or sandy soils with good drainage

Habit and form:    Plants vary from creeping ground covers (on the coast - 2 inches high) to tree-like shrubs (interior to 20 feet tall)

Flower type:    Most have small, urn-shaped flowers

Flower color & bloom season:    Varies from pink to white

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi by Jason Hollinger
Uses, if any, for plant and/or flowers:    Attractive to bees, butterflies and birds; berries attract birds

Pruning time & method:    Selectively prune only to remove dead branches or reveal structure. Require minimal maintenance; avoid unnecessary pruning.

More information on Arctostaphylos

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