Shrub-Tree- Cordyline (Dracaena)

  • Cordyline australis photo by The Ruth Bancroft Garden
    Common Name: Dracaena

    Botanical Name: Cordyline australis

    Family: Asteraceae (Compositae)

    Evergreen or Deciduous: Evergreen palm-like shrub or tree native to New Zealand

    Sun: Full sun; tolerate part shade

    Water requirements: Moderate to regular water

    Soil requirements: Prefers loose, deep soil to accommodate long root

    Habit and form: Woody plants with sword-like leaves. Upper leaves erect, lower leaves droop. Can grow to 6 to 12 feet wide, 10 to 20 feet tall. Leaves come in various colors or with stripes of colors (red, green, pink). Can be grown as a house plant

    Cordyline australis photo by TonyFoster
    Flower type: Flowers in long branching clusters

    Flower color & bloom season: Flowers are usually white and fragrant; blooms in spring

    Pruning time and method: Not much pruning required; cut off dead leaves and flowers

    Maintenance tips: Can cut back young plants to force multiple trunks