UCCE Orange County Master Gardeners
University of California
UCCE Orange County Master Gardeners

Ornamentals


Roses, common problems, leaf damage

Rose slug damage
Skeletonized leaves on rose bushes is caused by the larvae of the rose slug, a kind of sawfly. Sawflies are dark, wasp-like insects about 0.25 inch long. They lay their eggs in the foliage of the plant; the larvae, which are about 0.5 inches long, do the damage to the leaves.
Rose slug

There are different kinds of sawflies, with different target hosts. For example, the pear sawfly larva skeletonizes the leaves of most fruit trees. Read more about the different kinds of sawflies.



Most sawflies in California overwinter as eggs in foliage or as pupae in garden litter. Sawflies that overwinter as eggs generally feed on older growth foliage; those that overwinter as pupae feed on the newer growth. Depending on the species, they have from one to several generations a year.

Solutions

Your rose can tolerate some damage from the rose slug. Prune damaged foliage and stems. There are natural enemies of the larvae - parasitic wasps, predaceous beetles, or fungal and viral diseases commonly kill sawfly populations. Avoid using broad-spectrum insecticides because they also kill natural enemies. You can also use insecticidal soap or horticultural oil to kill the rose slug, but these insecticides work on contact, so be sure to spray on the underside of the leaves where you see the larvae. Insecticides may damage blossoms.

Read more about Rose Slugs.

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